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165_ ; cal distribution function. : Similarly; the probability dis~ tribution of a random vari; able is completely - distribution function, : characterised by its probabil~ ity distribution function. empirical the empirical (cumulative) ; Sometimes the word "distridistribution function of a set . : bution" is used as a synonym of numencal data IS, for. eachf'I tior the empirIc .. al distn'butIon . h b bT re al vaI ue 0 f x, t he firactIon 0 . f ' observations that are less ~ d~nc~blOn. or fit e pro a I tty ; Istn utIon unctIon.

Dot a description of a point in which the point has a definite size • d ouble I"me graph s graphs in which two sets of data are graphed at the same time, connecting each set with line segments. • double-blind, doubleblind experiment in a double-blind experiment, neither the subjects nor the people evaluating the subjects knows who is in the treatment group and who is in the control group. This mitigates the placeho effect and guards against conscious and unconscious prejudice for or against the treatment on the part of the evaluators.

I : - edgel I an extension of the notion of ~ landmark to include partial in: formation about a curve ~ through the landmark. An ; edgel specifies rotation of a di: rection through a landmark, ~ extension along a direction ; through a landmark, or both. : The formula for thin-plate ~ splines on landmarks can be -dual I extended to encompass data (of a tessellation), the new ~es­ : about edgels as well. They are , . mon ; ordinates in multivariate moredge in another tessellanon. : phometric analysis.

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