Download A Source Book in Greek Science (Source Books in the History by Morris R. Cohen, I. E. Drabkin PDF

By Morris R. Cohen, I. E. Drabkin

Protecting the final fields of arithmetic, astronomy, mathematical geography, physics, chemistry and chemical know-how, geology and meteorology, biology, medication, and physiological psychology, the current assortment surveys the sector of Greek clinical success over a thousand-year interval. Many Greek medical treatises have been written and browse through cultivated those who didn't regard themselves as experts. those works may still attraction at the present time to these readers who desire to comprehend not just the principles of contemporary technological know-how, but in addition a necessary component of the humanistic culture.

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It was one of the ultimate accolades from the Senate (though there was usually one about every eighteen months, in this period of the Republic),19 but, more importantly, it was a unique opportunity for a man to lodge himself securely in the minds of his fellow citizens, and therefore served as a stepping-stone to further glory. This was also helped by the fact that the victorious general would give every single man in his army a bonus, commensurate with his status, which, if generous enough, would ensure his loyalty in the future.

Over time Rome became adorned with visible reminders of military victories: temples built in fulfillment of a vow taken in wartime; elaborate statues of conquerors, inscribed with blunt reminders of their victories. “I killed or captured 80,000 Sardinians,” boasted one general on a prominently displayed inscription,28 and this was not untypical. Most monumental inscriptions dating from the middle Republic—and by the end of the second century the city was crowded with them—focused largely or wholly on military achievements.

THE FIRST ILLYRIAN WAR It is not always easy to guess why the Romans acted as they did, but the reason they went to war in 229 genuinely seems to lie on the surface. The killing of their ambassador was an extra spur, but their primary reasons were economic. Why else help the Issaeans, with whom the Romans had no relationship? They may have been touched by their appeal, the first from a Greek state,1 but they acted pragmatically, not out of sentiment. Nor was it just that Italian traders had been killed; the future threat was just as potent.

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