Category: Evolution

By Bernd Warkentin, H.G. Hillemanns

Das Buch beschäftigt sich vor dem Hintergrund der biologischen Evolution mit den Risiken der menschlichen Geburt. Es wird gezeigt, welche Bedeutung die Geburt für die Entwicklung des Menschen und seiner geistigen Fähigkeiten hat. Dabei finden auch Phänomene wie die Begrenzung der weiblichen Fruchtbarkeitsphase und die psychophysische Akzeleration eine Erklärung. Die moderne Geburtshilfe hat wesentlich dazu beigetragen, daß immer größere Kinder geboren werden können. Innerhalb weniger Generationen konnten sich so genetische Anlagen ausbreiten, die sich früher aufgrund des Mißverhältnisses von Geburtskanal und kindlichem Kopfumfang selbst eliminiert haben. Dennoch bleibt der Mensch als biologisches Wesen evolutionären Gesetzmäßigkeiten unterworfen.

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By Thomas N. Sherratt, David M. Wilkinson

Why can we age? Why cooperate? Why accomplish that many species have interaction in intercourse? Why do the tropics have such a lot of species? whilst did people begin to impact global weather?

This ebook presents an creation to a variety of basic questions that experience taxed evolutionary biologists and ecologists for many years. a few of the phenomena mentioned are, on first mirrored image, easily complicated to appreciate from an evolutionary standpoint, when others have direct implications for the way forward for the planet. the entire questions posed have at the least a partial answer, all have visible interesting breakthroughs lately, but a number of the causes remain hotly debated.

Big Questions in Ecology and Evolution is a curiosity-driven ebook, written in an available means to be able to attract a wide viewers. it's very intentionally now not a proper textual content ebook, yet whatever designed to transmit the buzz and breadth of the sphere by means of discussing a couple of significant questions in ecology and evolution and the way they've been spoke back. this can be a booklet geared toward informing and encouraging anyone with an curiosity in ecology and evolution. It unearths to the reader the large scope of the sector, its primary value, and the intriguing breakthroughs which were made lately.

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By Richard Dawkins

With unheard of wit, readability, and intelligence, Richard Dawkins, one of many world's most famous evolutionary biologists, has brought numerous readers to the wonders of technological know-how in works resembling The egocentric Gene. Now, within the Ancestor's story, Dawkins bargains a masterwork: a thrilling opposite travel via evolution, from present-day people again to the microbial beginnings of existence 4 billion years in the past. in the course of the trip Dawkins spins wonderful, insightful tales and sheds mild on issues reminiscent of speciation, sexual choice, and extinction. The Ancestor's story is without delay an important schooling in evolutionary concept and a riveting learn.

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By V. Loeschcke (auth.), Dr. Volker Loeschcke (eds.)

Genetic constraints on adaptive evolution will be understood as these genetic elements that hinder or decrease the possibility of typical choice to bring about the main direct ascent of the suggest phenotype to an optimal. The contributions to this quantity emphasize how genetic features within the transmission of qualities constrain adaptive evolution. techniques span from quantitative, inhabitants, ecological to molecular genetics. a lot awareness is dedicated to genetic correlations, to the upkeep of quantitative genetic edition, and to the intimate relation among genetics, ecology, and evolution. This quantity addresses all evolutionary biologists and explains why they need to be cautious of evolutionary ideas that base arguments in basic terms on phenotypic characteristics.

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By Steven A. Frank

It is a masterly theoretical remedy of 1 of the crucial difficulties in evolutionary biology, the evolution of social cooperation and clash. Steven Frank tackles the matter with a hugely unique blend of techniques: video game thought, classical versions of typical choice, quantitative genetics, and relations choice. He unites those with the easiest of monetary suggestion: a transparent thought of version formation and comparative statics, the advance of straightforward tools for interpreting complicated difficulties, and notions of knowledge and rationality. utilizing this particular, multidisciplinary technique, Frank makes significant advances in figuring out the rules of social evolution.Frank starts off by means of constructing the 3 measures of worth utilized in biology--marginal price, reproductive worth, and family members choice. He then combines those measures right into a coherent framework, delivering the 1st unified research of social evolution in its complete ecological and demographic context. Frank additionally extends the speculation of kinfolk choice through exhibiting that relatedness has targeted meanings. the 1st is a degree of data approximately social companions, with shut affinity to theories of correlated equilibrium and Bayesian rationality in monetary video game thought. the second one is a degree of the constancy through which characters are transmitted to destiny generations--an prolonged idea of heritability.Throughout, Frank illustrates his tools with many examples, together with an entire reformulation of the idea of intercourse allocation. The publication additionally presents a distinct "how-to" advisor for developing versions of social habit. it's crucial studying for evolutionary biologists and for economists, mathematicians, and others drawn to usual choice.

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By Athel Cornish-Bowden

The time period Biochemical Evolution is used to explain the evolution of the biochemical approaches and elements of dwelling organisms, equivalent to the constitution and serve as of biologically very important molecules, metabolic pathways, subcellular constructions, and cells. even if a comparatively new topic, this box of analysis has already bought nice curiosity from either academia and as a result ideas and concept at the back of biochemical evolution have huge, immense power within the production and improvement of recent biologically lively compounds, medicinal drugs, and coverings for disease.However, virtually each publication that discusses evolution has overlooked the position that biochemical evolution performs, and so in his new e-book, Athel Cornish-Bowden makes an attempt to fill the data hole for college kids, expert scientists and all members. within the Pursuit of Perfection, the writer explains how the biochemical methods that ensue in residing cells, lengthy considered facts of clever layout instead of evolution, can now be understood because the results of normal choice. for instance, the preliminary impact that metabolic pathways include a virtually haphazard selection of reactions that occur to do the activity seems to be really fake. while distinct experiences are made to work out how the particular association of a method compares with alternative ways of accomplishing a similar end result, the only present in dwelling organisms is located to be the absolute best, or no less than very as regards to it. the fashion, content material and association of the ebook are meant to make it available, fascinating, and enjoyable to learn for either scientists, and scientifically-minded participants.

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By F. John Odling-Smee

The doubtless blameless commentary that the actions of organisms lead to alterations in environments is so visible that it sort of feels an not likely concentration for a brand new line of considering evolution. but area of interest construction--as this technique of organism-driven environmental amendment is known--has hidden complexities. through reworking biotic and abiotic assets of average choice in exterior environments, area of interest development generates suggestions in evolution on a scale hitherto underestimated--and in a fashion that transforms the evolutionary dynamic. It additionally performs a serious function in ecology, assisting surroundings engineering and influencing the stream of power and food via ecosystems. regardless of this, area of interest building has been given brief shrift in theoretical biology, partially since it can't be totally understood in the framework of normal evolutionary theory.Wedding evolution and ecology, this publication extends evolutionary thought by way of officially together with area of interest building and ecological inheritance as extra evolutionary techniques. The authors aid their ancient circulation with empirical facts, theoretical inhabitants genetics, and conceptual types. in addition they describe new learn tools able to checking out the speculation. They show how their conception can unravel long-standing difficulties in ecology, quite by way of advancing the sorely wanted synthesis of ecology and evolution, and the way it deals an evolutionary foundation for the human sciences.Already hailed as a pioneering paintings via many of the world's so much influential biologists, this can be a infrequent, probably field-changing contribution to the organic sciences.

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By Thomas Dixon

The talk among technology and faith is rarely out of the scoop: feelings run excessive, fuelled by way of polemical bestsellers just like the God myth and, on the different finish of the spectrum, high-profile campaigns to educate "Intelligent Design" in colleges. but there's even more to the controversy than the conflict of those extremes. As Thomas Dixon exhibits during this balanced and thought-provoking creation, an entire variety of perspectives, refined arguments, and engaging views are available in this advanced and centuries-old topic. He explores the foremost philosophical questions that underlie the controversy, but additionally highlights the social, political, and moral contexts that experience made the tensions among technological know-how and faith this kind of fraught and fascinating subject within the sleek international. Dixon emphasizes how the trendy clash among evolution and creationism is quintessentially an American phenomenon, coming up from the tradition and historical past of the us, as exemplified throughout the ongoing debates approximately how one can interpret the First-Amendment's separation of church and nation. alongside the best way, he examines landmark ancient episodes similar to the Galileo affair, Charles Darwin's personal non secular and medical odyssey, the Scopes "Monkey Trial" in Tennessee in 1925, and the Dover region tuition Board case of 2005, and contains views from non-Christian religions and examples from around the actual, organic, and social sciences.

Reviews:

A wealthy introductory text...on the learn of kin of technology and faith. R. P. Whaite, Metascience

A marvellous e-book that are meant to be required examining for dogmatic fundamentalists of each persuasion. Patricia Fara, British magazine for the background of technological know-how

Dixon indicates nice ability in composing a ebook which mixes coherence and readability with a robust ahead momentum... The reader needn't hesitate. Michael Fuller, The Expository instances Bracing initiation Observer.

The dating among technological know-how and faith, prior and current, is way extra various and extra fascinating than the preferred comic strip of clash. Thomas Dixon supplies us the richer photograph, and he does it with readability and verve. this can be an incredible advent to a desirable topic. Peter Lipton. college of Cambridge

Thomas Dixon has made a pleasant contribution to this OUP sequence of Very brief Introductions. Church Times

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By David M. Green, Stanley K. Sessions

This e-book seems to be at a time while molecular cytogenetics is situated to make an important influence upon evolutionary stories, allowing difficulties of chromosomal constitution and alter to be severely assessed. it truly is an updated and accomplished survey of the cytogenetics of a massive classification of animals, together with all 3 amphibian orders, with chapters authored via foreign leaders within the field.
Amphibian Cytogenetics and Evolution could be of curiosity to classical and molecular cytogeneticists, systematicists, evolutionary biologists, herpetologists, and somebody utilizing amphibians in genetic research.

  • Offers the one present and finished survey of amphibian cytogenetics
  • Gives authoritative and in-depth assurance of subject matters of current interest
  • Reviews normal cytogenetic topics
  • Presents new insights into evolutionary alterations in chromosome constitution and amphibian phylogeny and relationships including: Phylogenetic research of chromosome data, Current strategies of cytogenetic analysis, Examination of all 3 amphibian orders

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